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Western Settlement

The Danish Western Settlement.

The formal arrival of the Danish crown to Danish Greenland is in the year 1721 with the arrival of the missionary Hans Egede.  His first base was on the group of Islands in the mouth of the fjord, Godhabsfjorden, named Kook Islands.  The mission was later moved to Nuuk, the now capital of Danish Greenland and can still be seen in the old colonial harbour.  This natural harbour can beach a large wooden boat on it´s sand.  Close there above is a large old cairn to identify a safe harbour on a bad windy day.  At the shoreline north of there Hans Egede first spoted  groups of Inuits.  He never did find no Icelandic settlers at this place he now refered to as Danish Western Settlement, he had previously been in the south of the land,  refered to as the Eastern Settlement, but no Icelanders or Inuits seen over there, either.  The Godhabfjorden splits into four other smaller fjords, at the bottom of these fjords, ruins of the old settlers where found, but no settlers.   Nothing.

In one of the old Icelandic manuscripts on old Greenland,:  The Audunn vestfirski Saga, a rather strange story is given.  Eirik the Red was alive at that time and a strong beliver in polarbears.  He had people collect polarbear taxes in his colony and sent people to do so to the the Western Settlement.  The story is of Audunn leaving Iceland for old Greenland and they arrive in Eiriksfjorden to Eirik the Red, but the story has a twist to it, that goes like this:  "  and  they now go for the second summer to Greenland and arrive in Eiriksfjord, all the more promenent men got quartered there, but the others went over to the Western Settlement and so did Audunn and took there quarter in the Western Settlement".  Audunn then buyes a live polarbear and takes the thing with him over to Norway, a polarbear caught by Eirik the Red, "a very beautiful, redkinned coloured animal. "

To have some of the crew  of 11 quarter in the Eastern Settlement and others in the Western Settlement complicates this story as there are over 540 km over or between the places in Danish Greenland, but in Icelandic Greenland,  on the other side of Eiriksfjorden, this looks quit different and that makes the story more belivable.  The last place in Danish Greenland to find polarbears is in the Danish Western Settlement but that was not so in the Icelandic Western Settlement on the other side of the fjord.  West from Eiriksey.

The old Solar compass is quit clear on directions.  The sun rose in the east and settled in the west.  As was north from south, but in between, things got a bit confusing.    The old Icelandic manuscripts refer to north-east as landnorth, as is east to south, landsouth.  North to west is, outnorth and west to south is, outsouth.

To have the Eastern Settlement of Danish Greenland south of the Western Settlement is an offence to the old manuscripts and the Icelandic language.   The Icelandic language would have refered to the settlement as beeing outnorth from the eastern settlement and the western settlement as beeing landsouth to the eastern settlement.


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