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Heaten era

The old manuscript Eyrbyggja Saga is as Heathen as they come.  The story gives a hint on every day live in the surroundings of Erik the Red prior to his excile to old Greenland.  Prior to the voyage Erik owned and was living on the small Island of Öxney close to the Helgafell mountain  that has  unigue features on it, in all 52 cairns,  all over the Island, giving a feeling of a strong spiritual live of this troubled man, Eirik the Red.  He was heathen to the end and given a stone burrial at Brattahlíd, on Eiriksey, in the middle of Eiriksfjorden.  Þjodhildur his wife on the other hand was Christian and had a small church built close to Brattahlíð.

  In many of the stories on old Greenland we see the conflict presented in beliving in the red beard Þór or the black beard Christ when live threatening experiences occur in various voyages in the stories.  In two of the stories we see something very special for the heaten religion as two ships wreck onshore on the eastern part of Eiriksey and the survivors account is written down in run letters on a wax plate, telling of the tourture and sufferings of the shipwreck crew.

  Death was a constant companion on most of the voyages and the bodies covered in the heaten tradition by rocks, belived to hold down the soul of the dead one, stopping him from dead walking.   There is one strange feature to the many stone cairns around in old Greenland when the body of the dead one was moved over to the other side into afterlive through the gate of death, the Lychgate, into the graveyard, usually a horse shaped one, in early day´s of Christianity.  The story of Lika-Lodinn in the old manuscript travelling around, collecting the corpses from the rock burrials and moving the body to the closest graveyard is the indication of the fear of dead walkers around in old Greenland.

Old Greenland had it´s own system of law and parliment we call, "Þing", thing, like in the Eyrbyggja Saga, Þórsnesthing.  At these meetings a father introduced to everyone the intendtions of his son or daughter to marry.  This was also the place to settle arguments on the inside of the judgement ring, a circular stone ring.

These stone rings still stand to day in old Greenland close to Brattahlíd in southwest Eiriksey and where last beeing used in an Inuit trail in 1924 called,:  " The last known traditional Inuit trial on southwest Baffin Island in the Canadian Arctic."  This document was sent to me by Mr. Norman Hallendy in 2011.  Norman Hallendy is the author on books on Inuksuit, Inuit stone carins of various shape and size.

The document was prepared by Hallendy for the World Archaeological Congress III, 1994 by Norman Hallendy with Osuitok Ipeelee, Annie Manning, Pauta Saila, and Pitaloosie Salia, August 1991.

The Abstract:

"On August 1, 1991 an Elder from Cape Dorset, on Baffin Island in the Canadian Arctic showed me a remarkable circle of large, upright stones on the coast of southwest Baffin.  He called the structure and the place Akitsiraquvik, and described it as a place where a powerful council met and exercised justice before the arrival of the Qallunaat-the white man.  I was asked not to reveal its location.

Upon my return from that sacred site to Cape Dorset on August 4, 1991 another Elder gave me an account of the last known traditional trial in southwest Baffin, which he said occurred in August 1924.  Normally, the trail would have been held at Akitsiraqvik but an unususal sense of urgenency about an alleged murder, and the expected arrival of a Hudson´s Bay supply ship at Parketuk, about nine kilometres northeast of Cape Dorset, prompted the council to hold the trial there."

If only Mr. Norman Hallendy and his leagal counsilor in this matter, Professor of Law,  Mr. Alan Grant ,  had read the old Icelandic manuscript the Eyrbyggja Saga and if they had consulted Icelands oldest law book, Grágás, on killing, they would have seen the coherence between the past in old Greenland and present Baffin Island.  The whole trial procedure is as out of this old Icelandic Law book, used in Iceland and old Greenland for centuries.

The document gives this account of the location.

"  The Great Council met in various locations as required by events and prevailing conditions.  However one place was favoured above all others as an enduring symbol of council´s power.  Located in a remote region of southwest Baffin Island known as Qaumajug-" where the land is brightness"- it was Akitsiraqvik, a large circle of upright stones with one very tall stone seeming to face the structure into the prevailing wind."



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